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    Four types of services are defined in the IEP: special education services, related services, supplementary aids and services, and transportation services.

    Special Education Services

    Special education services are academic, functional or behavioral instruction that differs from the general education curriculum. It is specially designed for the individual student’s needs. Under The Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) it is called specially designed instruction (SDI).

    Related Services

    Related services are a broad category encompassing any services that assist a student to access and gain benefit from their special education services. Related services may include: speech-language pathology and audiology, interpreting (sign-language), psychological, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, identification and assessment, counseling, orientation and mobility (for vision impaired), medical, nursing, social work, or parent counseling and training services.

    Supplementary Aids or Services

    The term “supplementary aids and services” means aids, services, and other supports that are provided in general education classes or other education-related settings to enable students eligible for special education to be educated with nondisabled students to the maximum extent appropriate in accordance with the least restrictive environment requirements.

    These services, like accommodations and modifications, support a student’s participation in their education. The difference is that they fall outside of the scope of what the general education teacher is expected to adjust. They may include additional staffing resources, specialized equipment, assistive technology, or modified materials for instruction.

    Transportation Services

    Transportation services include: travel to and from school and between schools, travel in and around school buildings, and adapted busses, lifts, and ramps if required.



    Back to The Individualized Education Program (IEP)